On April 9, 1865, 150 years ago today, Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant bringing the Civil War that much closer to an end. Contrary to popular belief, Lee’s surrender was NOT the end of the fighting. General Joseph Johnston surrendered until April 26th to William T. Sherman near Durham, North Carolina. General Richard Taylor, the son of our 12th President, Zachary Taylor, surrendered at Citronelle, Alabama on May 4th. On June 2nd, General Edmund K. Smith surrendered the Confederate Department of the Trans Mississippi to Major General Canby, and hostilities finally ended on June 23rd when General Stand Waite surrendered the Confederate Cherokee Indian forces in Oklahoma.
On September 28, 1870, he suffered a massive stroke. Two weeks later, on October 12th he died in his home on the college campus. He was buried in Lee Chapel on the campus of Washington and Lee College.
General Grant went on to become our 18th President, elected in 1868. When he took office he became our youngest President at the age of 46. Grant remained our youngest president until Theodore Roosevelt became President following the assassination of William McKinley. Grant contracted with Mark Twain to publish his memoirs, a two-volume set. Grant died on July 23, 1885 in New York. He is not buried in Grant’s Tomb however that is his and his wife, Julia’s final resting place (they were both placed in side-by-side, each in a matching sarcophagus, inside the tomb; thus they are not truly “buried”).